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Cognitive Linguistics – The Perspective of Language Study

Cognitive linguistics is the branch of language study that concentrates on the issues connected with the process of meaning representation in speech. It is closely connected with the study of cognitology – the area of study regarding the process of cognition. While cognitology concentrates upon the psychological patterns of cognition, cognitive linguistics works with the linguistic side of the question. What is the Subject of Cognitive Linguistics?

Cognitive linguistics researches the peculiarities of receiving and processing info by means of language signs and also the correlation between the cognitive mechanisms and speech. The subject is language as an instrument of representation of the cognitive structures as well as perception forms. What Are the Sources of Cognitive Linguistics Study?

Cognitive linguistics is based upon many branches of linguistics and extralinguistic disciplines such as:

1.Cognitology and cognitive psychology

2.Computer science and computer linguistics

3.Generative grammar and also semantics

4.Psycholinguistics and neurolinguistics

5.Culturology and history. What Are the Branches of Cognitive Linguistics?

The study of cognitive linguistics includes the next things:

1.Cognitive semantics

2.Cognitive approaches to grammar

3.Cognitive phonology.

These branches are considered from the opinion of 5 approaches:

1.Culturological (concept) approach

2.Linguoculturological approach

3.Logical approach

4.Semantic-cognitive approach

5.Philosophic-semantic approach.

What Are the Cognitive Linguistics’ Principal Targets?

As any study, cognitive linguistics aims at the solution of particular theoretical and also practical problems:

1.The analysis of human language knowledge, its origin and development in the procedure of life.

2.The term and classification of common language experience of the speakers.

3.The explanation of certain features of human inner lexicon and also verbal memory organization according to sign representation structures.

4.The explanation of human cognitive activities in the process of speech production, perception as well as understanding.

5.The study of cognitive procedures and the role of natural languages in the realization.

6.The determination of relationship between language and also cognition structures.

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